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Bernards Heath Junior School

'Knowing Every Child'

Science

Living things and their habitats

 

Lesson 4

 

This week we are going to be looking at different habitats and what animals can be found there. A habitat is a natural home or environment of an animal, plant or other organism. A few examples of a habitat might be a coral reef, a flower bed or a jungle. Each habitat has a variety of animals that live there, they need to provide an animal with: food, water, shade, light, air, shelter and a breeding ground. 

 

Have a think about what habitat a polar bear, a giraffe, or a shark might live in? 

 

Think about what habitats humans live in? Why do they choose to live there?

 

Your task this week is to research 3-5 different habitats of your choice. Write down which animals live there and why that habitat is the perfect place for those animals to live. Below are a list of habitats you could use to get you started but if you can think of your own ideas that's great. 

 

A field, tree, river, desert, coral reef, forest, rainforest, sea, mountain, grass, arctic, hedge, flower bed, swamp, pond, jungle.

Lesson 3

 

This week in science we are going to look at what makes animals unique or different from any other animal. Have a think about the following animals and see if you can think what makes them unique from any other animals, there is more than one reason they are special. (Answers are below).

 

Platypus

Bat

Shark

Whale

 

 

All of these animals are very different from other animals, the platypus is a mixture of many different animals, it closes it eyes and ears underwater and uses its bill to sense food. Bats have very poor eyesight but use echolocation to accurately fly without bumping into anything. Sharks don’t have any bones in their body and have an endless supply of teeth. Whales don’t sleep otherwise they would drown. 

 

These are just a small number of interesting facts about these animals, they are all unique and different to any other animals in the world. 

 

Your task this week is to research about any animal you like, and make a poster about what makes that animal unique and different from any other animal. Make sure to include lots of interesting facts about one or as many animals as you like. You can use the websites below to get you started then think of your own animals.

 

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/p/platypus/

 

http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animals/bat.html

 

http://www.kidzone.ws/sharks/facts1.htm

 

http://www.whale-world.com/facts-about-whales-for-kids/

Lesson 2

 

This week in science we are looking at the two main groups that animals can be split into, any animal in the world can be split into two main groups vertebrates (they have a backbone) and invertebrates (they don't have a backbone). Think about some animals that might fit into each group then watch the videos below.

 

Vertebrates- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R50Xc1EUHwg

 

Invertebrates- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sr_T4skBYNo

 

Your task for this week is to make 2 colourful fact file posters, one about your favourite vertebrate and another one about your favourite invertebrate. Make sure each animal you use is still alive today and you give lots of interesting information such as:

-How tall/wide/long/heavy the animal is

-Where the animal lives

-What the animal eats

-How long the animal usually lives for 

-Is it dangerous

 

Mr Hynds would choose his favourite vertebrate as a golden cheeked gibbon after his trip to Monkey World in Dorset, they walk around in a funny way and can swing very fast through the trees. His favourite invertebrate would be a box jellyfish as they are one of the most dangerous animals in the sea, if you haven't heard of them before have a look online!

Lesson 1

 

This week we are going to look at classifying or grouping animals based on their characteristics or how they are different from each other. But before we get to that, what makes an animal a living thing? Have a think about what the difference is between living and non living things. Can you list the differences between a living and non living thing? (Think about MRS GREN). 

 

To find out watch the following video https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/clips/ztbw2p3

 

Animals are an example of a living thing, however animals can look very different. Have a think about what makes animals similar and what makes them different, which animals are very similar and which are very different? When scientists discover new animals or plants they have to think about what other type of living thing it is similar to. In order to do that they use a sorting tree. 

 

This week your task is to make a sorting tree, like the one below, for your choice of animals. Make sure to include a variety of animals from different places or habitats thinking about how they are similar or different. Use the example in the word document below to get you started then have a go at creating your own. 

Rocks and soil

 

The new science topic is all about rocks, we will look at how fossils are created, how rocks and soil are formed, and what different types of rocks there are. 

Lesson 3

 

This week in science we are moving on to look at soil. Watch the video below to find out what soil is and how it forms the soil we see today. 

http://seedsurvivor.com/just-for-kids/just-for-kids-videos/the-soil-beneath-your-feet/

 

After watching the video see if you can answer these questions, revisit the video if you are stuck.

Can soil be different? What makes it different?

How is soil made from rocks?

What keeps the soil in place?

 

Think about what would happen if the soil was to be damaged? What sort of things could potentially damage soil?

 

Your activity this week is to collect a small amount of soil, this could be from your garden or on a walk somewhere.

Place the soil in a container. Put double the amount of water as soil in the container and give it a good shake. Leave it to settle and observe the changes over time. You could maybe take a photo or draw what you see every few hours/days. You should start to see a soil profile which you can identify using the key words below. 

 

Top soil (A horizon)

Sub soil (B horizon)

Bedrock

 

Lesson 2

 

This week in science we will be looking at fossils! Watch the following video first about how fossils are formed https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVwPLWOo9TE

 

Have a think about which type of rock you find fossils in and why?

 

This week your task is to make your own fossil! For this activity you will need a few different things, if you have them at home fantastic. If not don't worry, you can make your own version at home however you like, it could even be a drawing/painting of what your fossil might look like!

 

You will need:

- Toy dinosaur or something similar you might find as a fossil. 

- Modelling clay/plasticine/blu tack/playdoh (anything similar)

- plaster of paris 

- paint

 

Follow the video with an adult to make your own fossil, if you can send a photo to us we would love to see your creations!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdEid6IC94c

 

Lesson 1

 

Watch this video about the different types of rocks. The three main types of rocks are igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeuYx-AbZdo

 

Your task is to take a walk around a local area of your choice with an adult (could even be your garden) and see what types of rocks you can find (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic). See if you can identify which type of rock it is from what you have learnt in the video. Maybe you even have some rocks in your home! If you have a magnifying glass you can take a closer look at the detail of the rocks.

 

Look at the rocks you have found, think about how they are similar or different (texture, colour, patterns, size). If you find some rocks in your home think about why they have been used for that purpose. Think about whether those rocks have always looked like that.

 

There is also an activity for you to complete on Purple Mash

Science extras

 

The Natural History Museum virtual tour

https://artsandculture.google.com/partner/natural-history-museum

 

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History virtual tour

https://naturalhistory.si.edu/visit/virtual-tour

 

Activities

  • Research and produce a poster about the adaptations of plants and animals in the rainforest.
  • Plant a seed, draw and observe changes over time.
  • Cooking and baking at home to observe changing states of matter, and to accurately measure ingredients. 
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