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Bernards Heath Junior School

'Knowing Every Child'


Living things and their habitats


Lesson 9


Last week we researched different endangered animals and what put them at a greater risk of becoming extinct. This week we are going to select one of your favourties from the list you made last week and write a letter informing someone what they can do to help protect the endangered animal. You might need to persuade them to protect the animal's environment, or to persuade companies from chopping too many trees down, or to the Govenment so they can enforce rules about protecting the animals. 


You need to think about who you are going to write your letter to, it could be written to the Government or the Queen, or it could be a general letter to everyone to tell them what they can do to help. You need to include details about your endangered animal, why they should be protected and what needs to be done to help protect them. 

Lesson 8


This week in science we are going to be looking at endangered animals. An endangered animal is a type of animal that is at a high risk of becoming extinct in the near future, this could be because of habitat loss, poaching (humans trapping or killing animals), or due to other animals.


A lot of zoos and safari parks look after these endangered animals to make sure that the species survive. You might have seen some endangered animals before, often there are not many of them in the wild. There might even be a few animals on the list that you didn't know they were endangered.  


Your task this week is to research and create a poster about 3 endangered animals. You can use the website below to get you started. You should include some information and interesting facts about the animal, where you might find the animal in the world, why that animal is endangered, and how many of that species are in the wild or in zoos.

Lesson 7


This week in Science we are going to be looking at the process of urbanisation. 


Urbanisation is where rural areas such as the countryside become more urban and start to become towns and cities. We are going to explore what urbanisation looks like and how it affects habitats. 


First of all have a look at PDF below, it is a picture book called 'Window'. What do you notice as you read through the book? What changes do you notice? What do you think the is message of the story is? What is the meaning of the last picture in the book?


Once you have read the story complete the attached worksheet about urbanisation. 

Lesson 6


This week in Science we are conducting a mini beast experiment! 


First of all have a think about the habitats in your local area that mini beasts or small creatures might live, this could be in your garden, in the park, in a bush or in a flowerbed. Next have a think about what sort of mini beasts might live in those habitats. 


Your task this week is to observe a local habitat of your choice and record or draw the mini beasts you find there. Make sure you include what mini beasts you find, what they look like and how many you have found.


Have a think about what habitat a woodlice would like to live in, do you think they would prefer to live somewhere that is damp or dry? Or somewhere that is bright or dark? Make your predictions then watch the video below to find the answer.


If you wanted to challenge yourself you could make your own choice chamber at home like the one in the video (with an adults help). You will need to carefully collect your mini beasts from their habitat but make sure to put them back when you're finished! You will need a plate or a tray, cling film or grease proof paper for the mini beasts to walk on, damp cotton wool, something dry like sand, and paper dividers for the different sections. You could also create a cover for half of your choice chamber to see if they prefer the brighter or darker areas. 


Lesson 5


Now that we have researched different habitats and the animals that live there, this week we are going to look at why those animals are suited to living there and what their adaptations are. Have a look at the video below which explains what an adaptation is and how similar animals have changed in order to survive in their environment.


Have a think about what adaptations a camel has to live in its desert habitat, then have a look at the video below.


Your task this week is to complete the worksheet below, have a think about what makes each habitat difficuilt to live in and how each animal has adapted to live there. You can print off the sheet or complete it on some paper from home.

Lesson 4


This week we are going to be looking at different habitats and what animals can be found there. A habitat is a natural home or environment of an animal, plant or other organism. A few examples of a habitat might be a coral reef, a flower bed or a jungle. Each habitat has a variety of animals that live there, they need to provide an animal with: food, water, shade, light, air, shelter and a breeding ground. 


Have a think about what habitat a polar bear, a giraffe, or a shark might live in? 


Think about what habitats humans live in? Why do they choose to live there?


Your task this week is to research 3-5 different habitats of your choice. Write down which animals live there and why that habitat is the perfect place for those animals to live. Below are a list of habitats you could use to get you started but if you can think of your own ideas that's great. 


A field, tree, river, desert, coral reef, forest, rainforest, sea, mountain, grass, arctic, hedge, flower bed, swamp, pond, jungle.

Lesson 3


This week in science we are going to look at what makes animals unique or different from any other animal. Have a think about the following animals and see if you can think what makes them unique from any other animals, there is more than one reason they are special. (Answers are below).








All of these animals are very different from other animals, the platypus is a mixture of many different animals, it closes it eyes and ears underwater and uses its bill to sense food. Bats have very poor eyesight but use echolocation to accurately fly without bumping into anything. Sharks don’t have any bones in their body and have an endless supply of teeth. Whales don’t sleep otherwise they would drown. 


These are just a small number of interesting facts about these animals, they are all unique and different to any other animals in the world. 


Your task this week is to research about any animal you like, and make a poster about what makes that animal unique and different from any other animal. Make sure to include lots of interesting facts about one or as many animals as you like. You can use the websites below to get you started then think of your own animals.

Lesson 2


This week in science we are looking at the two main groups that animals can be split into, any animal in the world can be split into two main groups vertebrates (they have a backbone) and invertebrates (they don't have a backbone). Think about some animals that might fit into each group then watch the videos below.






Your task for this week is to make 2 colourful fact file posters, one about your favourite vertebrate and another one about your favourite invertebrate. Make sure each animal you use is still alive today and you give lots of interesting information such as:

-How tall/wide/long/heavy the animal is

-Where the animal lives

-What the animal eats

-How long the animal usually lives for 

-Is it dangerous


Mr Hynds would choose his favourite vertebrate as a golden cheeked gibbon after his trip to Monkey World in Dorset, they walk around in a funny way and can swing very fast through the trees. His favourite invertebrate would be a box jellyfish as they are one of the most dangerous animals in the sea, if you haven't heard of them before have a look online!

Lesson 1


This week we are going to look at classifying or grouping animals based on their characteristics or how they are different from each other. But before we get to that, what makes an animal a living thing? Have a think about what the difference is between living and non living things. Can you list the differences between a living and non living thing? (Think about MRS GREN). 


To find out watch the following video


Animals are an example of a living thing, however animals can look very different. Have a think about what makes animals similar and what makes them different, which animals are very similar and which are very different? When scientists discover new animals or plants they have to think about what other type of living thing it is similar to. In order to do that they use a sorting tree. 


This week your task is to make a sorting tree, like the one below, for your choice of animals. Make sure to include a variety of animals from different places or habitats thinking about how they are similar or different. Use the example in the word document below to get you started then have a go at creating your own. 

Rocks and soil


The new science topic is all about rocks, we will look at how fossils are created, how rocks and soil are formed, and what different types of rocks there are. 

Lesson 3


This week in science we are moving on to look at soil. Watch the video below to find out what soil is and how it forms the soil we see today.


After watching the video see if you can answer these questions, revisit the video if you are stuck.

Can soil be different? What makes it different?

How is soil made from rocks?

What keeps the soil in place?


Think about what would happen if the soil was to be damaged? What sort of things could potentially damage soil?


Your activity this week is to collect a small amount of soil, this could be from your garden or on a walk somewhere.

Place the soil in a container. Put double the amount of water as soil in the container and give it a good shake. Leave it to settle and observe the changes over time. You could maybe take a photo or draw what you see every few hours/days. You should start to see a soil profile which you can identify using the key words below. 


Top soil (A horizon)

Sub soil (B horizon)



Lesson 2


This week in science we will be looking at fossils! Watch the following video first about how fossils are formed


Have a think about which type of rock you find fossils in and why?


This week your task is to make your own fossil! For this activity you will need a few different things, if you have them at home fantastic. If not don't worry, you can make your own version at home however you like, it could even be a drawing/painting of what your fossil might look like!


You will need:

- Toy dinosaur or something similar you might find as a fossil. 

- Modelling clay/plasticine/blu tack/playdoh (anything similar)

- plaster of paris 

- paint


Follow the video with an adult to make your own fossil, if you can send a photo to us we would love to see your creations!


Lesson 1


Watch this video about the different types of rocks. The three main types of rocks are igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.


Your task is to take a walk around a local area of your choice with an adult (could even be your garden) and see what types of rocks you can find (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic). See if you can identify which type of rock it is from what you have learnt in the video. Maybe you even have some rocks in your home! If you have a magnifying glass you can take a closer look at the detail of the rocks.


Look at the rocks you have found, think about how they are similar or different (texture, colour, patterns, size). If you find some rocks in your home think about why they have been used for that purpose. Think about whether those rocks have always looked like that.


There is also an activity for you to complete on Purple Mash

Science extras


The Natural History Museum virtual tour


Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History virtual tour



  • Research and produce a poster about the adaptations of plants and animals in the rainforest.
  • Plant a seed, draw and observe changes over time.
  • Cooking and baking at home to observe changing states of matter, and to accurately measure ingredients.